Computer and Information Technology Jobs: An Overview

Computer career opportunities are growing faster than average in the overall economy. People who have the necessary it skills and knowledge are in demand and have a tremendous amount of choices. The scope of the careers in computer information systems field is extensive. Occupations can be grouped in the following general categories:
1. Computer and information research scientists invent and design new technology and discover new uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, science, medicine, along with other areas.
Individuals who work in research and development require educational levels which are higher than others (normally advanced degrees). These jobs are fewer in number than other areas and reside on the leading edge of the technology.
2. Computer programmers write code to generate software programs. They turn this program designs developed by software developers and engineers into instructions a computer can follow.
Programmers create and maintain the instructions that cause computers to accomplish worthwhile work.
3. Computer support specialists provide insight to people and organizations using software applications or equipment. Some are called technical support specialists, support it (IT) employees of their organization. Others, called help-desk technicians, assist non-IT users who are having computer problems.
The support specialists will be the people who users call if they enter trouble or experience difficulty in working with information systems face to face site.
4. Computer systems analysts study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures and makes recommendations to management to greatly help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and it (IT) together by understanding the requirements and limitations of both.
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Analysts and designers determine system requirements and design specifications for systems that meeting the needs of the system. Analysts and designers are familiar with how the option of information drives organizational decision-making.
5. Database administrators use software to store and organize data, such as financial information and customer shipping records. They make sure that data are available to users and are secure from unauthorized access.
Database specialists analyze, design and implement databases that track organizational records. Information retrieved from databases, typically, are presented to users in a written report format.
6. Information security analysts ensure a firm’s information stays safe from cyber attacks and offer for information assurance. The info security specialist implements organizational wide security policy and guidelines. Security analysts work closely with network administrators to provide for the confidentiality, integrity and availability of networks.
7. Web developers create websites to help firms have a public face and develop internal web sites that are referred to as intranets. Many web developers are responsible for maintaining online sites that sell to customers.
8. Computer network architects and administrators create the network infrastructure that workers within organizations use. Network architects and administrators have the effect of the day-to-day operation of an organization’s computer networks. They organize, install, and support an organization’s computer systems, including geographic area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, intranets, and other data communication systems.